Prostate Cancer Facts

What You Need to Know About Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate is a gland that only males have. It is located below the bladder and above the rectum. The prostate’s body function is to make the fluid that moves, nourishes and protects the sperm in semen. Prostate cancer is cancer in the prostate. Several types of cancers can be found in the prostate gland, including:

  • Sarcomas.
  • Small cell scarcomas.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinomas.
  • Transitional cell carcinomas.
  • Adenocarcinomas.

Adenocarcinomas are by far the most frequently found prostate cancer diagnosed. Thankfully, most prostate cancers grow slowly, so there is a better chance that they will be found before they spread elsewhere in the body. The key to any successful cancer treatment is early detection. That is why it is so important that men have routine PSA testing and digital rectal exams as well as ultrasounds to check for signs of prostate cancer in their systems.

Men of any age can get prostate cancer. If a male relative had prostate cancer, his male descendants are more likely to have prostate cancer as well. Early prostate cancer does not cause urinary tract symptoms, so it is important to be tested routinely. Unfortunately, prostate cancer is fairly common in the United States.

If you don’t have a family history of prostate cancer, you and your doctor should discuss the pros and cons to prostate cancer screening and go from there to decide if you should be tested for prostate cancer. If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer in the early stages, you usually have some time to decide how you and your healthcare provider will proceed for your personalized best treatment of prostate cancer. Surgery and radiation don’t necessarily have to be performed immediately after cancer is discovered.

Treatment of Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Metastatic prostate cancer occurs when the cancer spreads from the prostate to other parts of the body. There are several different types of metastatic prostate cancer medications. Male hormones called testosterone are sometimes reduced using Endocrine therapy. Reducing the activity and amount of testosterone in the male with prostate cancer is the best treatment for prostate cancer used today. It reduces the size of the tumor and PSA levels. The cancer metastatic prostate treatment does have side effects, however, which include:

  • Loss of sex drive.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Heart problems.

Chemotherapy is also used to deal with advanced prostate cancer. Once a person with advanced prostate cancer fails to respond to hormone therapy, the chemotherapy drug Docetaxel is used to keep cancer cells from dividing and growing.

There is Hopev

Prostate Cancer Medications

Thankfully, prostate cancer is one of the most curable of all of the cancers. If prostate cancer is detected early, most men do not die from the cancer. Over 2.9 million men diagnosed with prostate cancer are still alive today due to early detection and treatment. The words prostate and cancer treatment don’t mean a death sentence. There is hope for a continued productive life even after a prostate cancer diagnosis.

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